Mitochondria (singular = mitochondrion) are often called the “powerhouses” or “energy factories” of a cell because they are responsible for making adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the cell’s main energy-carrying molecule. … Your muscle cells need a lot of energy to keep your body moving.
What contains pigments to help capture light energy?
Photosynthetic cells contain special pigments that absorb light energy. Different pigments respond to different wavelengths of visible light. Chlorophyll, the primary pigment used in photosynthesis, reflects green light and absorbs red and blue light most strongly.
What is chloroplasts main goal?
main goal is to produce a lot of ATP energy. chloroplasts. contains pigments to help capture light energy.
How is ATP made quizlet?
An ATP-generating process that occurs within the cells by breaking down glucose through a 3-step process. Monosaccharides enter the cytoplasm. 2ATP are added. Enzymes then catalyze a reaction causing the monosaccharide molecule to lose some hydrogen atoms and form 2 NADH, 4 ATP and two molecules of pyruvic acid.
Does oxygen gas production happen in chloroplasts or mitochondria?
Photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplasts, whereas cellular respiration occurs in the mitochondria. Photosynthesis makes glucose and oxygen, which are then used as the starting products for cellular respiration.
Does the mitochondria produce a lot of ATP energy?
Cellular respiration is the process of making ATP using the chemical energy found in glucose and other nutrients. … It is important to point out that muscle cells have a very high concentration of mitochondria that produce ATP. Your muscle cells need a lot of energy to keep your body moving.
Does the mitochondria produce ATP?
Most of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthesized during glucose metabolism is produced in the mitochondria through oxidative phosphorylation. This is a complex reaction powered by the proton gradient across the mitochondrial inner membrane, which is generated by mitochondrial respiration.
How do mitochondria and chloroplasts generate energy?
Within the chloroplast is chlorophyll, which captures sunlight. Then, the light energy is used to combine water and carbon dioxide, converting the light energy into glucose, which is then used by the mitochondria to make ATP molecules.
Does glucose production happen in chloroplast or a mitochondria?
In a plant cell, chloroplast makes sugar during the process of photosynthesis converting light energy into chemical energy stored in glucose. In mitochondria, through the process of cellular respiration breaks down sugar into energy that plant cells can use to live and grow.
Does the mitochondria use light energy?
Mitochondria are the “powerhouses” of the cell, breaking down fuel molecules and capturing energy in cellular respiration. … They’re responsible for capturing light energy to make sugars in photosynthesis. Mitochondria and chloroplasts likely began as bacteria that were engulfed by larger cells (the endosymbiont theory).
When and where is the most ATP produced?
The stage that produces most of the ATP during cellular respiration is the electron transport system (ETS) present in mitochondria. The formation of ATP occurs by oxidative phosphorylation. Theoretically, 34 ATPs are produced in the ETS by the complete oxidation of a glucose molecule.
How is ATP is made?
It is the creation of ATP from ADP using energy from sunlight, and occurs during photosynthesis. ATP is also formed from the process of cellular respiration in the mitochondria of a cell. This can be through aerobic respiration, which requires oxygen, or anaerobic respiration, which does not.
What is the best method of producing the most ATPs?
Answer and Explanation: The electron transport chain of the cellular respiration process produces maximum ATP.
What gas is produced by mitochondria?
Editorial: Interaction of Gas Messengers With Mitochondria in Health and Disease. Since a decade three gases nitric oxide (NO), carbon monoxide (CO), and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) are recognized as being produced by eukaryotic cells to serve as messengers in intracellular signaling pathways.
What does oxygen gas produce?
As a byproduct of photosynthesis, oxygen gas is also released into the atmosphere through tiny openings in the leaves called stomata. The carbohydrates produced by photosynthesis provide us with an important energy source, while the oxygen is a critical component of the air we breathe.
Does glucose production happen in the mitochondria?
Mitochondria (singular: mitochondrion) convert chemical energy into energy that our cells can actually use. This process is called cellular respiration. The mitochondria use it to turn glucose and oxygen into a high-energy molecule called ATP. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the money of the cell world.