What is the most important factor that is essential for economic working of a power plant?

What is the most important factor that is essential for economical working of a power plant?

Primary sources are the most important inputs for production process in thermal stations. For this reason, fuel costs are important economic factors for coal, nuclear, and natural gas based thermal power plants. The thermal power plants, use solar, geothermal, and wind energy, are excluded because of none of fuel cost.

What is the importance of power plant?

A power plant is an industrial facility that generates electricity from primary energy. Most power plants use one or more generators that convert mechanical energy into electrical energy in order to supply power to the electrical grid for society’s electrical needs.

What are the factors affecting power plant performance?

Power plant heat rate, thermal efficiency, capacity factor, load factor, economic efficiency, operational efficiency, energy efficiency. The performance of a power plant can be expressed through some common performance factors: heat rate (energy efficiency)

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When building a power plant what factors should be considered?

The most important conditions affecting the design of a power plant are: (1) The site; (2) the cost of coal; (3) water supply; (4) character of load; (5) capacity of the station.

What are the 3 factors of electricity?

To produce an electric current, three things are needed: a supply of electric charges (electrons) which are free to flow, some form of push to move the charges through the circuit and a pathway to carry the charges.

What are the five factors that influence the value of a fuel?

Describe five factors that influence the value of a fuel.

  • the cost of acquiring and using the fuel for each specific situation.
  • the energy content of the fuel type being considered.
  • the availability of the type of fuel source wanted.
  • how safe it will be to use the fuel under consideration.

What is the essential component of any power plant?

A Thermal power plant is an electric producing plant. The fuel used is water which is a renewable source of energy and also the fuel used is coal-fired, liquefied fuel, natural resources, uranium enrichment. The Essential component used in this system is Pump, Boiler, Turbine, and Condenser.

What is the working of power plant?

In its simplest form, a Power Plant, known also as a Power Station, is an industrial facility used to generate electricity. To generate power, an electrical power plant needs to have an energy source. One source of energy is from the burning of fossil fuels, such as coal, oil and natural gas.

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What is required in power plant maintenance?

Power plant maintenance is a blanket term that refers not just to the maintenance of assets and equipment but also to routine inspections, installation of equipment, regular reporting, systems integrations and reviews, and scheduled preventative maintenance—all of the work required to help the plant stay active and in …

What is plant load factor?

Plant Load Factor (PLF) is the ratio between the actual energy generated by the plant to the maximum possible energy that can be generated with the plant working at its rated power and for a duration of an entire year.

What is efficiency factor or plant efficiency?

The efficiency of a plant is the percentage of the total energy content of a power plant’s fuel that is converted into electricity. The remaining energy is usually lost to the environment as heat unless it is used for district heating.

What are the factors that affect the location of thermal power plants Upsc?

The major factors taken into consideration while locating a thermal power plant are:

  • Terrain.
  • Availability of Fuel and Water.
  • Proximity to population centres.
  • Accessibility.