In thermal power plants, the purpose of a surface condenser is to condense the exhaust steam from a steam turbine to obtain maximum efficiency, and also to convert the turbine exhaust steam into pure water (referred to as steam condensate) so that it may be reused in the steam generator or boiler as boiler feed water.
What is the role of condenser in a geothermal power plant?
A condenser is normally used on all geothermal plants to increase the power by maximizing pressure drop across the turbine. Condensing the steam at the turbine exhaust creates a vacuum (0.15 atm), thus maximizing the pressure drop and power output.
Why are condensers necessary?
The condenser unit plays an important role in this process by essentially dissipating the heat carried to the outdoor unit. This allows the cooling process to continue. The condenser is one of three primary elements in your air conditioning system. The other two, the evaporator and compressor, are also important.
What is condenser in power plant?
A large heat exchanger designed to cool exhaust steam from a turbine below the boiling point so that it can be returned to the heat source as water. In a pressurized-water reactor, the water is returned to the steam generator.
What is a condenser do?
A condenser (or AC condenser) is the outdoor portion of an air conditioner or heat pump that either releases or collects heat, depending on the time of the year. … The compressor is the heart of the system since it compresses the refrigerant and pumps it to a coil in the form of a hot gas.
Why it is called surface condenser?
It is called the surface condenser because the exhausted steam and cooling water does not mix up.
Is the condenser necessary?
AC condenser is one of the most essential parts of the whole system that is fit outside and blows warm air. Since your condenser is connected with vital components, it’s essential to take good care of it and protect it from the build-up of dirt and debris.
What are the three functions of a condenser?
This article will introduce you to the three key jobs performed by an air conditioner’s condenser.
- Desuperheating. Refrigerant exits your evaporator coil as a gas, having absorbed heat from inside of your home. …
- Condensation. …
How does a condenser in a power plant work?
An air cooled condenser (ACC) is a direct dry cooling system where steam is condensed inside air-cooled finned tubes. … In thermal power plants (T), the steam from the turbine exhaust flows into the ACC where condensation occurs. Then the condensate returns to the boiler (B) in a closed loop.
What is the purpose of using condensers in refrigeration and in power plants?
In refrigeration operations, condensers are used to liquefy the high-pressure refrigerant vapor leaving the compressor. Heat exchangers referred to as surface condensers are used to condense the exhaust from steam turbines that generate in-house power for plant operations.
How does condenser tube work?
A typical condenser consists of a glass tube nested within another. Water flows between these two tubes. A chemist attaches the condenser to the top of a flask so that as refluxing solvent evaporates and travels up through the center tube, the flowing water cools the solvent.