During transmission of electricity, heat is being dissipated. The heat generated by cables is being minimized via high voltage transmission. … So, the cables are loose so that even if contraction should occur, there won’t be much tension which would lead to the damage of the cables.
Why are wires hung loosely?
Electric cables hang loosely during summer due to the expansion process and they contract during winter due to the contraction process. Explanation: Electric cables are the solids which exhibit the property of contraction and expansion.
Why are power lines hung with a bow in them instead of pulled tight?
When power lines are hung they are left with an amount of slack in them, called “sag” in the industry, because the lines expand and contract with heat in their environment as well as with the amount of load they are under. By hanging them sagging, instead of hanging them…
Why would it be a bad idea to stretch the transmission lines more tightly between the towers so they would sag less in the summer?
Why would it be a bad idea to stretch the transmission lines more tightly between the towers so they would sag less in the summer? Because most common gases are colourless, they are difficult to observe. … Unlike the particles in solids, the particles in gases are far apart and moving fast and freely.
Why are electric cables and wires kept slightly loose during installation?
Heat makes metallic wire expand and cold makes the material shrink. Therefore, without a slack they could become too tight and break in winters or pull loose from their anchors in summers . This is the reason why wires are kept slightly loose when they are laid.
Why do electrical wires sag in the summer and hang tight in the winter?
Because the cores of overhead wires are made from copper. Metals expand with heat and contract with cold. The higher temperatures in summer make the copper expand – so the lines get slightly longer. In winter, the reverse happens – the lines contract and tighten up.
What causes sagging of electric wires during summer?
This process is called thermal expansion. The same process happens in the electric wire. During summer, the heat makes the molecules move wider apart and hence it sags and during the winter follows the opposite process and gets contacted.
Why telephone and electric wire are never kept straight?
the wires are made of aluminium which has a property of contracting during winter season. so to avoid breakage of these wires they are fixed loosely between two poles.
What do guy wires do?
A guy-wire, guy-line, or guy-rope, also known as simply a guy, is a tensioned cable designed to add stability to a free-standing structure. They are used commonly for ship masts, radio masts, wind turbines, utility poles, and tents.
Can you remove a guy wire?
There is probably no way for them to move just the guy wire. The pole will have to be relocated. That will probably mean rerouting the utility. Not something they are likely to do just on your whim.
Why do power lines fail?
Wind may cause power lines to swing together resulting in a fault or short circuit that interrupts service. Strong wind can blow tree limbs or entire trees into power lines causing them to fall to the ground.
Do power lines sag more in summer than winter?
Originally Answered: Why do power lines sag more in the summer than in the winter? They expand from the temperature difference. While the expansion is not much, over a long distance, such as. between two transmission towers, it is enough to cause a visible sag.
How does temperature affect power lines?
Fall in temperature could affect power lines by increasing the amount of heat dissipated from the conductors. This contributes to lowering of conductor temperature and thus the shortening or contracting of power lines.