1. Electric field is described as the amount of force per charge while the Electric potential is described as the amount of energy or work per charge. … Electric field is a vector quantity while Electric potential is a scalar quantity.
What is the difference between electric potential and electric field?
The electric field is a measure of force per unit charge; the electric potential is a measure of energy per unit charge. … Potential is a property of the field that describes the action of the field upon an object.
What is the difference between electric potential electric potential energy and electric potential difference?
The basic difference between electric potential and electric potential energy is that Electric potential at a point in an electric field is the amount of work done to bring the unit positive charge from infinity to that point, while electric potential energy is the energy that is needed to move a charge against the …
What is the relationship between the electric field E and the electric potential V between the plates of the capacitor?
Electric field strength
In a simple parallel-plate capacitor, a voltage applied between two conductive plates creates a uniform electric field between those plates. The electric field strength in a capacitor is directly proportional to the voltage applied and inversely proportional to the distance between the plates.
What is the difference in electric potential energy between two positions?
The potential difference between points A and B, VB – VA, is defined to be the change in potential energy of a charge q moved from A to B, divided by the charge. … For example, every battery has two terminals, and its voltage is the potential difference between them.
Which of the following relation between electric field and electric potential is?
If the charge is uniform at all points, however high the electric potential is, there will not be any electric field. Thus, the relation between electric field and electric potential can be generally expressed as – “Electric field is the negative space derivative of electric potential.”
What is the relationship between electric field intensity and electric potential?
The relation is very simple. Electric field intensity is equal to the negative of rate of change of potential with respet to the distance or it can be defined as the negative of the rate of derivative of potential difference, V with respect to r, E = – dV/dr.
What is relation between electric current and electric potential?
The current in a circuit is directly proportional to the electric potential difference impressed across its ends and inversely proportional to the total resistance offered by the external circuit. The greater the battery voltage (i.e., electric potential difference), the greater the current.