Conduction. The stove heats up the pot or kettle the water is in. The heat energy is transferred to the water. Molecules in the water are energized with the transferred heat energy until the boiling point is reached.
What is the energy transformation when boiling a water?
When water is boiled on a stove, the water molecules at the bottom of the pot are closest to the heat source and gain thermal energy first. They begin to move faster and spread out, creating a lower density of molecules at the bottom of the pot.
What types of energy are in boiling water?
Boiling water is heat energy.
How many joules of energy does it take to boil water?
The specific heat capacity of water is 4,200 Joules per kilogram per degree Celsius (J/kg°C). This means that it takes 4,200 J to raise the temperature of 1 kg of water by 1°C.
How much energy does it take to boil water?
The energy required to change water from a liquid to a solid is 333.7 kJ/kg while the energy required to boil water is 2257 kJ/kg. The amount of energy needed to change the phase of water to a gas from a liquid is 540 times the amount of energy needed to raise the same amount of water 1° C.
What happens to energy during boiling?
When boiling occurs, the more energetic molecules change to a gas, spread out, and form bubbles. These rise to the surface and enter the atmosphere. … In addition, gas molecules leaving the liquid remove thermal energy from the liquid. Therefore the temperature of the liquid remains constant during boiling.
What happens when water is boiling?
When water is boiled, the heat energy is transferred to the molecules of water, which begin to move more quickly. Eventually, the molecules have too much energy to stay connected as a liquid. When this occurs, they form gaseous molecules of water vapor, which float to the surface as bubbles and travel into the air.
What happens to kinetic energy when water boils?
The kinetic energy of particles increases until the liquid reaches its boiling point. At the boiling point, the potential energy of particles begins increasing. The particles move farther apart until the attractive forces no longer hold them together. At this point, the liquid changes to a gas.
When water boils does it release or absorb energy?
The amount of energy absorbed when a substance boils, and released when the same amount of substance condenses, is the same. The phase transition is solid to gas, so energy will be absorbed. The process involves the ice melting to water, the water heating from 0 °C to 100 °C, then the water boiling to steam.
Why is energy needed to boil water?
Boiling water is an endothermic process, which supplies heat to the water molecules, increasing their potential energy. … Once the intermolecular bonds are broken, any extra heat increases the kinetic energy of the system and the molecules of the water vapor move faster as the temperature increases.
How much energy does it take to boil a kettle?
Boiling an electric kettle costs 4 to 5 cents, depending on the size of the kettle and the rate you pay on electricity. Most commercial kettles range in size from 1.5L to 1.8L, with the larger kettles intuitively consuming more electricity.