In what way is a nuclear reactor similar to a conventional fossil-fuel plant? They both boil water to make steam. Cite a major advantage of fusion power.
How is a nuclear reactor similar to a conventional power plant?
How is a nuclear reactor similar to a conventional fossil-fuel power plant? … They control the reaction rate in a nuclear reactor by absorbing freed neutrons that would otherwise instigate further nuclear fission.
How does the mass per nucleon of an element change as the atomic number increases?
How does the mass per nucleon of an element change as the atomic number increases? … A- The mass per nucleon first decreases then increases.
In what way are nuclear fission and fusion similar?
Fusion and fission are similar in that they both release large amounts of energy. Nuclear fusion is a process in which two nuclei join to form a larger nucleus. Nuclear fission is a process in which a nucleus splits into two smaller nuclei.
Which ions of like charge and equal speed are least deflected in a mass spectrometer?
Which ions of like charge and equal speed are least deflected in a mass spectrometer? The more massive ions. In a mass spectrometer, the charged ions with identical speeds are directed into a magnetic field, where they deflect into circular arcs.
What is the difference between nuclear fission and nuclear fusion?
The main difference between these two processes is that fission is the splitting of an atom into two or more smaller ones while fusion is the fusing of two or more smaller atoms into a larger one.
How do nuclear power plants operate?
Nuclear power plants heat water to produce steam. The steam is used to spin large turbines that generate electricity. Nuclear power plants use heat produced during nuclear fission to heat water. In nuclear fission, atoms are split apart to form smaller atoms, releasing energy.
How will you compare the mass before and after the nuclear reaction?
In a spontaneous nuclear reaction, such as radioactive decay, mass is “lost” and appears as energy in the form of particles or gamma rays. However, the total mass and energy is always conserved. … The total energy (mass and energy) is the same before and after any nuclear reaction.
What gives the total change in nuclear mass and the change in nuclear binding energy as a result of a nuclear fusion reaction?
Explanation: Nuclear bonds, like the more familiar chemical bonds, require energy input to break them. This means energy is released when they are formed, the energy in stabilising nuclei is derived from the ‘mass defect’. This is the amount of mass difference between a nucleus and the free nucleons used to make it.
How do the energy changes in nuclear reactions compare to those in chemical reactions?
Chemical reaction can be influenced by pressure or temperature. Nuclear reaction is independent of such factors. During such reactions there is low energy change. Energy changes accompanying nuclear reactions are relatively higher and larger.
In what way are nuclear fission and nuclear fusion similar quizlet?
Nuclear fusion is the process where 2 or more atoms collide at high speeds to form a new type of atomic nucleus. Nuclear fission is the process of an atom splitting into 2 atoms. … Nuclear fusion is the energy process in the sun. Nuclear fission is the energy process in a uranium plant.
What do nuclear fission and nuclear fission have in common?
Both nuclear fusion and nuclear fission use the energy stored in atomic particles in the energy production process. … All elements apart from hydrogen contain particles known as neutrons in the nucleus, which have roughly the same mass as protons.
What is the difference between nuclear fission and nuclear fusion for Class 10?
Nuclear fission and fusion involve the disintegration and combination of the elemental nucleus. In the case of nuclear fission, an atom divides into two or more smaller or lighter atoms. Nuclear fusion occurs when two or more atoms join or fuse together to form a large or a heavier atom.